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What Are Carbohydrates:

Carbohydrates are organic molecules. They are classified according to their structure and there are two types of carbohydrates:

  • Simple carbs
  • Complex carbs


Simple carbohydrates:

These are comparatively smaller, more easily processed molecules known as mono and di-saccharides since they contain either one sugar molecule or two sugar molecules linked together.

Monosaccharides are the simplest form of carbohydrate and cannot be broken down any further.


Complex carbohydrates:

These are called polysaccharides because they have more than two sugar groups linked together.

Oligosaccharides consist of short chains (di-, tri-, etc) of monosaccharide and polysaccharides are long chains of monosaccharide units all put together.

Roles Of Carbs In Our Body:

They are known as the “Fuel” of our body.

The role of carbohydrates is to provide energy for physical activity, brain function and operation of the organs. All the cells and tissues in your body need carbs, and they are also important for intestinal health and waste elimination.

After we eat, the carbohydrates from the food are broken down into smaller units of sugar or glucose. These units get absorbed into our bloodstream. This glucose is transported through our bloodstream to supply energy to our muscles and other tissues.

  • Providing energy and transmission of blood glucose
  • Breakdown of fatty acids
  • Sparing the use of proteins for energy
  • Biological recognition processes
  • Supplying dietary fiber

Sources of Carbohydrates:

  • Rice
  • Whole Wheat Flour
  • Kidney Beans
  • Dry Dates
  • Honey
  • Broccoli
  • Kale
  • Asparagus
  • Spinach
  • Salad greens
  • Tomatoes
  • Peppers (green and red)
  • Onions
  • Mushrooms
  • Cucumbers
  • Zucchini
  • Carrots
  • Green beans
  • Peas
  • Cauliflower

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