You might have heard the term insomnia, in which it becomes hard to sleep for a patient. Hypersomnia is just opposite to that. Hypersomnia or Excessive Daytime Sleeping(EDS) is a condition in which you feel excessive sleepiness and tiredness during the day or night. This may occur even after long hours of sleep.
This disorder usually grows very slowly over a period of years. In teenagers it is often confused with normal teenage sleep issues such as delayed sleep phase syndrome. People suffering from hypersomnia have difficulty working during the day because they feel sleepy and tired. As the result they find it hard to focus or concentrate on something. Their energy level drops drastically.
Chronic sufferers of hypersomnia may sleep up to 18 hours a day or even more and still they do not feel refreshed after waking up. Hypersomnia can be a primary condition or a secondary condition. Secondary hypersomnia is the result of another medical condition.
So what are the causes of Hypersomnia?
Possible reasons of Hypersomnia (Sleep Disorder) are:
- Another sleep disorder such as narcolepsy or sleep apnea.
- It may result from a physical problem, such as a tumor or any injury to the central nervous system.
- Some medications, or medicine withdrawal, may lead to hypersomnia.
- Medical conditions including multiple sclerosis, depression, encephalitis, epilepsy, or obesity may contribute to the disorder.
- In some people this is genetic.
- Some excessive medications or addictions can also cause hypersomnia, such as frequent drug and alcohol.
Other possible causes of Hypersomnia are :
- Low thyroid function
- Head injury.
Secondary hypersomnia is the result of conditions that cause fatigue or insufficient sleep. What Are The Symptoms of hypersomnia?
The primary symptoms of hypersomnia are:
- Consistent sleepiness and tiredness
- Frequent naps throughout the day without
- Feeling sleepy and drowsy even after long hours of sleep
- Trouble waking from long hours of sleep.
These daytime naps usually do not provide relief from symptoms of this sleep disorder. Patients often have difficulty waking up from a long sleep, and may feel less focused and disoriented.
Other general symptoms of hypersomnia are:
- Low energy and restlessness
- Irritability and trouble focusing
- Loss of appetite
- Difficulty in thinking
- Slow speech
- Low memory
Some Tips To Avoid Hypersomnia:
- Cut down on your drinking if you suffer from hypersomnia. Alcohol can make hypersomnia worse. So stop smoking, reduce intake of alcohol especially at night. Avoid caffeinated drinks near bedtime.
- Drinking alcohol before bed promotes delta activity in your body. That’s the kind of deep sleep that allows for memory formation and learning. It is also linked with alpha activity. Alpha activity doesn’t usually happen during sleep, but rather when you’re resting quietly. Alpha and delta activities together in your brain after drinking may inhibit restorative sleep.
- Alcohol makes you more prone to snoring and sleep apnea because it causes your whole body to relax, including the muscles of your throat.
- People usually think that alcohol helps them fall asleep, and therefore people associate alcohol with helping them sleep. But the quality of that sleep is not good.
Check Your Medications:
If you take prescription medication such as anti-depressants, anti-anxiety medications and medications for chronic pain, it’s possible that your hypersomnia is a side effect.
Stay Active to Avoid Hypersomnia:
You should stay active for your overall health. Break all your lazy habits. Laziness can make hypersomnia worse. Too much stress and night jobs can accelerate symptoms of hypersomnia. It would be better to get quality sleep at night. Be comfortable while sleeping. Make sure you don’t overheat or feel too cold.
Including exercise in your schedule improves your overall fitness and well being. Exercise increases the release of serotonin. Serotonin improves the quality and depth of sleep. Follow a relaxation routine to prevent night-time anxiety. Exercise:
- Improves your sleep quality: Regular exercise contributes to more restful and quality sleep. Being physically active requires you to expend energy, and helps you feel more tired and makes your body and mind ready to rest at the end of the busy day.
- Reduces stress levels and relieve anxiety: Exercise is an evergreen remedy for anxiety, stress and other mood disorders. Even just 10 minutes of walk can trigger anti-anxiety responses in your body. Mind-body exercise such as yoga can help quiet the parasympathetic nervous system, which can help you feel calm.
- Help with hypersomnia and insomnia:
Scientific researches show that exercise is an effective natural therapy for hypersomnia and insomnia.
Manage Your Diet:
- No matter what type of health problem you’re dealing with, a healthy diet makes all the difference. Include fruits and vegetables into your diet plan because they help regulate your circadian rhythm.
- Eat a well-balanced diet which includes carbs, protein and vitamins. Eat plenty of organic vegetables, fruit, whole grains, beans, legumes, and healthy fats.
- A diet filled with processed foods and artificial additives can lead to the nutritional deficiencies in your body and finally contribute to insomnia and the weight gain, which can cause sleep apnea.
- Carbohydrates stimulate your brain to make more of the feel-good chemical serotonin, which helps your mind to relax. Eat your meals at regular intervals to maintain constant supply of energy to body throughout the day.
- Artificial stimulants such as energy drinks and sodas can cause feelings of anxiety and restlessness that may lead to insomnia.
- Take chamomile tea and decaffeinated green tea before you go to sleep. Chamomile tea supports and promotes good sleep. You can also take a cup before bed time. Decaffeinated green tea has theanine which helps to promote quality sleep.
Drink More Water:
- Taking adequate amount of water nourishes and detoxifies the body. Drink enough fluids and stick to a sleep schedule to combat symptoms of hypersomnia.
- Your body is consists of 10 to 12 gallons of water, and every cell or tissue of the body needs water to work and function properly.
- Drink only water when you feel thirsty. Processed beverages are harmful for your sleep pattern.